Portland State University. Department of Geology
Scott F. Burns
Date of Award
Master of Science (M.S.) in Geology
1 online resource (ix, 84 pages)
Landslides -- Oregon -- Yamhill County -- Analysis, Slopes (Soil mechanics) -- Oregon -- Yamhill County -- Stability, Landslide hazard analysis -- Oregon -- Yamhill County, Landslides -- Oregon -- Oregon Coast Range -- Analysis
Landslide hazard assessment of densely forested, remote, and difficult to access areas can be rapidly accomplished with airborne light detection and ranging (lidar) data. An evaluation of geomorphic change by lidar-derived digital elevation models (DEMs) coupled with geotechnical soils analysis, aerial photographs, ground measurements, precipitation data, and numerical modeling can provide valuable insight to the reactivation process of unstable landslides. A landslide was selected based on previous work by Mickleson (2011) and Burns et al. (2010) that identified the Madrone Landslide with significant volumetric changes. This study expands on previous work though an evaluation of the timing and causation of slope failure of the Madrone Landslide. The purpose of this study was to evaluate landslide morphology, precipitation data, historical aerial photographs, ground crack measurements, geotechnical properties of soil, numerical modeling, and elevation data (with multi-temporal lidar data), to determine the conditions associated with failure of the Madrone Landslide. To evaluate the processes involved and timing of slope failure events, a deep seated potentially unstable landslide, situated near the contact of Eocene sedimentary and volcanic rocks, was selected for a detailed analysis. The Madrone Landslide (45.298383/-123.338796) is located in Yamhill County, about 12 kilometers west of Carlton, Oregon. Site elevation ranges from 206 meters (m) North American Vertical Datum (NAVD-88) near the head scarp to 152 m at the toe. The landslide is composed of two parts, an upper more recent rotational slump landslide and a lower much older earth flow landslide. The upper slide has an area of 2,700 m2 with a head scarp of 5-7 m and a volume of 15,700 m3. The lower earth flow has an area of 2300 m2, a head scarp of 15 m, and a volume of 287,500 m3. Analysis of aerial photographs indicates the lower slide probably originated between 1956 and 1963. The landslide is located at a geologic unit contact of Eocene deep marine sedimentary rock and intrusive volcanic rock. The landslide was instrumented with 20 crack monitors established across ground cracks and measured periodically. Field measurements did not detect ground crack displacement over a 15 month period. Soil samples indicate the soil is an MH soil with a unit weight of 12 kN/m3 and residual friction angle of 28φ'r which were both used as input for slope stability modeling. Differential DEMs from lidar data were calculated to generate a DEM of Difference (DoD) raster to identify and quantify elevation changes. Historical aerial photograph review, differential lidar analysis, and precipitation data suggest the upper portion of the landslide failed as a result of the December 2007 storm.
Marshall, Michael Scott, "Slope Failure Detection through Multi-temporal Lidar Data and Geotechnical Soils Analysis of the Deep-Seated Madrone Landslide, Coast Range, Oregon" (2016). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 2656.