First Advisor

Ansel G. Johnson

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Geology






Basalt -- Oregon -- Clatsop County, Stratigraphic Geology -- Miocene



Physical Description

1 online resource (161 p.)


The proximity of Miocene Columbia River basalts to the "locally-erupted" coastal Miocene basalts in northwestern Oregon, and the compelling similarities between the two groups, suggest that the coastal basalts, rather than being locally erupted, may be the westward extension of plateau basalts derived from eastern Oregon and Washington.

The local-origin hypothesis is based largely on the interpretation of coastal dikes and sills as representing vent areas; however, a complex mechanism, as yet unsatisfactorily defined, would be required to cause the eruption of virtually identical magmas simultaneously from source areas 500 km apart.

This study, therefore, has investigated the coastal basalt intrusions both laterally and vertically. Geochemical and paleomagnetic analysis was used to determine the occurrence and distribution of basalt units; gravity surveys enabled an examination of the subsurface extensions of basalt intrusions in sedimentary rocks.


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