Portland State University. Department of Earth Sciences
Ansel G. Johnson
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Geology
Basalt -- Oregon -- Clatsop County, Stratigraphic Geology -- Miocene
1 online resource (161 p.)
The proximity of Miocene Columbia River basalts to the "locally-erupted" coastal Miocene basalts in northwestern Oregon, and the compelling similarities between the two groups, suggest that the coastal basalts, rather than being locally erupted, may be the westward extension of plateau basalts derived from eastern Oregon and Washington.
The local-origin hypothesis is based largely on the interpretation of coastal dikes and sills as representing vent areas; however, a complex mechanism, as yet unsatisfactorily defined, would be required to cause the eruption of virtually identical magmas simultaneously from source areas 500 km apart.
This study, therefore, has investigated the coastal basalt intrusions both laterally and vertically. Geochemical and paleomagnetic analysis was used to determine the occurrence and distribution of basalt units; gravity surveys enabled an examination of the subsurface extensions of basalt intrusions in sedimentary rocks.
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Pfaff, Virginia Josette, "Geophysical and geochemical analyses of selected Miocene coastal basalt features, Clatsop County, Oregon" (1980). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 3184.