First Advisor

Harry Anastasiou

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in Conflict Resolution


Conflict Resolution




Multiculturalism, Nationalism, Otherness, Turks -- Germany -- Emigration and immigration, Immigrants -- Government policy -- Germany, Immigrants -- Cultural assimilation -- Germany, Social integration -- Government policy -- Germany



Physical Description

1 online resource (ii, 101 p.)


In an ever-globalizing world, societies comprised of myriad people and cultures are quickly becoming the norm rather than the exception. In societies made up of culturally diverse, religiously pluralistic and disparate people, an added layer of complexity becomes apparent when attempting to integrate multiple cultures into a single society. Germany, in its reconstruction effort following World War II, faced such an integration challenge when a massive influx of Turkish migrants arrived as part of a "foreign worker" agreement. The introduction of a large and culturally diverse immigrant population made cultural understanding of paramount importance. Culture is an intangible element that can be difficult to quantify in political, social, or economic terms. As such, understanding culture and the peaceful coexistence of multiple cultures requires an examination beyond traditional perspectives. The implementation of conflict resolution theories and viewing situations from a conflict resolution perspective enables the extra layer of complexity that can occur within culturally diverse societies to be unpacked and better understood. Specifically, the goal of this thesis was to examine the integration challenges for Turkish immigrants in Germany while at the same time looking for opportunities to learn from the challenges facing societies attempting to implement immigration and integration policies in order to promote the coexistence of multiple cultures. The thesis concludes by offering directives or recommendations, formulated from the findings in this study, for multicultural societies facing integration challenges.


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Portland State University. Dept. of Conflict Resolution

Persistent Identifier