First Advisor

Cynthia-Lou Coleman

Date of Publication

Summer 10-25-2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Communication






Indians of North America -- Press coverage, Intimate partner violence -- Press coverage, Frames (Sociology), Mass media and public opinion, Federal aid to women's organizations -- United States, United States. Violence Against Women Act of 1994



Physical Description

1 online resource (iv, 116 pages)


The Violence Against Women Act is a legislation created to expand more legal rights and services to survivors of domestic violence or intimate partner violence. Frame analysis was used to examine the coverage of the Violence Against Women Act of 2013 in three genres of press media: mainstream press, Native American press, and tribal press. Based on the media frames produced in the three media genres, the legislation was presented as more of a conflicting or controversial issue in mainstream press through the use of the conflict frame and the "Indian as other" frame. But all news coverage also presented two emergent frames--the tribal sovereignty frame and the women's rights frame--that explained the importance of expanding tribal sovereignty in order to protect Native American women on reservations. The news coverage of VAWA 2013 in all press genres also included perspectives from federal and state governmental sources as well as perspectives from tribal governments, Native American organizations, and social service agencies. This report concludes by discussing the implications of the media frames and occupational source use in terms of the three media genres.


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