Portland State University. Department of Sociology
Date of Award
Master of Science (M.S.) in Sociology
1 online resource (37 p.)
Marriage, Divorce, Married women -- Employment
This thesis examines the effect of women's labor force participation on marital instability. It is hypothesized that women's income-earning affects marriage in two ways: 1) the "independence effect" facilitates divorce by enabling women to be self-supporting; 2) the "parallel marriage effect" improves marital satisfaction and the quality of the marital relationship because women with higher incomes generally have more power in marriage. The "independence effect" is measured by whether or not women's income is sufficient, defined as income above the poverty line for the appropriate family size as established by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Parallel marriage" is measured by the wife-husband income ratio. Both women's own income level and wife-husband income ratio are taken two years prior to her divorce.
Aytac, Isik Akin, "The effect of women's labor force participation on marital instability" (1985). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 3428.