First Advisor

Marvin H. Beeson

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Geology






Breccia -- Oregon -- Dooley Mountain Region, Basalt -- Oregon -- Dooley Mountain Region, Stratigraphic geology -- Tertiary, Geochemistry -- Oregon -- Dooley Mountain Region



Physical Description

1 online resource (137 p.)


The Dooley Rhyolite Breccia in northeast Oregon was erupted between 12 and 16 million years ago, from central vents and linear feeder dikes within the Dooley Mountain quadrangle. The peraluminous, high-silica rhyolites of the formation were erupted over an irregular highland of eroded pre-Tertiary metamorphic rocks locally overlain by intracanyon, Eocene Clarno-type basalt flow(s) . The Dooley Rhyolite Braccia is exposed in a tectonically disrupted, north-south trending graben across the Elkhorn Range. The formation is variable in thickness with maximum thickness exceeding 660 meters in the south and 600 meters in the north half of the quadrangle. Volumetrically the formation is dominated by block lava flows with lessor associated volcaniclastic and pyroclastic rocks. Although initial and waning phases of eruption of the formation produced ash-flow tuffs which extend well beyond the quadrangle boundaries, volcanism within the quadrangle appears to have been primarily effusive. At least nine geochemically distinct rhyolite subunits belonging to four related chemical groups have been identified in the formation stratigraphy which appear to represent unique eruptive episodes. Chronologic geochemical patterns within the formation are consistent with a petrogenetic model of repeated partial melting and eruption from multiple silicic magma chambers in an attenuated continental crust. Basalts correlative with the Powder River Basalt and the Strawberry Volcanics overlie the Dooley Rhyolite Braccia on the north flank of Dooley Mountain. Cale-alkaline basalts correlative with the Strawberry Volcanics are overlain by thoeliitic basalts of uncertain affinity on the south flank of the mountain. These basalt flows on respective flanks of the mountain were not continuous across the quadrangle. Rhyolitic volcanism in the Dooley Mountain quadrangle is contemporary with the strawberry Volcanics and the Picture Gorge Basalt of the Columbia River Basalt Group.


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This thesis includes supplemental content.

Persistent Identifier

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Plate 1. Geologic map of study area

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Plate 2. Map showing locations of geochemical samples

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Plate 3. Measured stratigraphic sections of the southern tilted series

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Plate 4. Correlation dendograms showing relationships between the geochemical samples of the Dooley Rhyolite Breccia

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Plate 5. Measured stratigraphic sections of Coronet and Mill Creeks showing vertical variation of immobile elements and Fe

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Plate 6. Geochemical subgroup/group patterns in the measured and composite stratigraphic ssections in SE 1 at Dooely Mountain