First Advisor

Kenneth M. Ames

Term of Graduation


Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in Anthropology






Bone implements -- Northwest Coast of North America, Indians of North America -- Implements -- Northwest Coast of North America, Kitchen-middens -- Northwest Coast of North America, Archaeology -- Methodology, Cluster analysis, Prince Rupert Harbor Region (B.C.) -- Antiquities



Physical Description

1 online resource (2, ix, 123 pages)


Fifteen bone tool assemblages from shell midden sites were compared. Three of these are unpublished sites from Prince Rupert Harbor. They were grouped using cluster analysis. Inter and intragroup variation in bone tool assemblage structure was analyzed. One of the objectives of this study was to generate hypotheses about the function of the unpublished sites by comparing their bone tool assemblages with those from sites which are better understood by looking for underlying patterns in the bone tool assemblages. Other objectives were to test the utility of using bone tool assemblages as a diagnostic tool in analyzing sites and to test the utility of the cluster analysis procedure with this data set.

Hypotheses were developed identifying possible site usage at the three Prince Rupert Harbor sites, Boardwalk (GbTo-31), Garden Island (GbTo-23), and Grassy Bay (GbTn-1). Bone tool assemblages were shown to be a useful aid in site analysis and cluster analysis was quite useful in identifying existing patterns in these data.


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