First Advisor

Richard Campbell

Date of Publication

Spring 7-17-2018

Document Type

Closed Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Electrical and Computer Engineering


Electrical and Computer Engineering




Modulation (Electronics), Software radio, Antenna radiation patterns, Electromagnetic waves -- Scattering



Physical Description

1 online resource (vi, 53 pages)


The modulated scattering technique is used in conjunction with a Software Defined Radio (SDR) dongle to obtain a software-based modulated signal output. SDR# is the software package used to get spectrum analysis of the modulated signal. A transmitter yagi antenna sends a 2.304GHz signal on to an antenna connected to a reflector coefficient modulator (700Hz) and the modulated waves are received by another yagi. The receiver yagi antenna is then connected to a frequency converter to convert a 2.304GHz signal to a 144MHz dongle input signal which finally puts the scattered output on computer software with a SDR dongle. The output has a center frequency with modulated spectral lines on either side of the measured frequency. Finally, antenna patterns are measured with different types of antennas by rotating the antennas and observing the baseband modulation sidebands.


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This thesis is only available to students, faculty and staff at PSU.

Persistent Identifier