First Advisor

Richard R. Petersen

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Biology






Limnology -- Oregon -- Mount Hood National Forest, Lakes -- Oregon -- Mount Hood National Forest



Physical Description

1 online resource (ix, 137 p.)


Ten mountain lakes were analyzed in order that they be assigned a trophic status. The lakes which are located in the Mount Hood National Forest of Oregon are Anvil, Beaver Pond, Cripple Creek, Fish, Gifford, Monon, Ollalie, Rimrock, Round, and Sportsman. The purpose of this report is to determine the productivity of these waters. Data were collected for analyses of temperature, dissolved oxygen concentration, Secchi depth, major ion concentration, light intensity versus depth, alkalinity, phytoplanktcn species composition/total density, and zooplankton species composition/total density. Samples were collected in Van Darn sampling bottles and returned to the laboratory for chemical analyses and taxonomic identification of biological organisms. Field profiles were taken for light intensity, temperature, dissolved oxygen concentration, specific conductivity, and depth using portable electronic equipment. A Secchi disk was used in the field for obtaining light extinction data. The lakes were assigned a trophic status according to carlson's Trophic State Index (Carlson, 1977). Beaver Pond Lake which is the most productive lake of the 10 surveyed had an average Secchi depth of 1.7 meters, an average soluble reactive phosphorous concentration of 59.8 ug/L, and an average chlorophyll-a concentration of 29.3 ug/L for the dates sampled. These values are consistent with lakes which are eutrophic. Ollalie Lake had an average Secchi depth of 13.2 meters, an average soluble reactive phosphorous concentration of 1.64 ug/L, and an average chlorophyll-a concentration of 0.28 ugfL. This lake is ultraoligotrophic-to-oligotrophic according to the Carlson index. The other lakes of the study were assigned values for trophic state which are somewhere between those assigned to Beaver Pond and Ollalie lakes. The 10 lakes studied for this report were compared to lakes studied for the compilation of the Western Lake survey (Landers, et. al. 1987). It was noted that Beaver Pond, Round, and Sportsman lakes are nutrient rich while Monon, Ollalie, and Gifford, are nutrient poor when compared to other lakes located in the Pacific Northwest. Anvil, Cripple Creek, Fish, and Rimrock lakes have profiles consistent with the majority of mountain lakes located in the area.


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