Portland State University. Department of Psychology
Leslie B. Hammer
Term of Graduation
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Psychology
Flextime, Work and family, Work -- Psychological aspects
1 online resource (3, vi, 75 pages)
The interaction effects of perceived work schedule flexibility (PWSF) and the number of hours worked on work-family conflict, and the interaction effects of PWSF and the type of work schedule on work-family conflict were investigated for employees of a regional bank headquartered in the Pacific Northwest. A 50% response rate was obtained from a survey questionnaire administered to 2,000 randomly selected employees.
Hierarchial multiple regression analyses conducted on 526 subjects revealed no significant interaction effects for PWSF and type of work schedule. The interaction effect for PWSF and number of hours worked was not tested due to a significant correlation between number of hours worked and type of work schedule. However, significant main effects were found for both PWSF and the type of work schedule. Employees working a "part-time" schedule reported significantly lower work-family conflict than employees working a "standard" or "flexible" schedule. No significant differences were noted in work-family conflict between employees who worked "flexible" and "standard" work schedules. Overall, as PWSF increased, work-family conflict decreased. Employees who reported having "a lot" or "some" PWSF experienced significantly lower levels of work-family conflict than those employees who reported having "hardly any" or "no" PWSF.
Supplemental analyses were conducted on the number of hours worked variable. Results revealed that the number of hours worked made a unique contribution to the total variance in work-family conflict above and beyond that accounted for by type of work schedule. In contrast, both PWSF and number of hours worked contributed uniquely to the total variance in work-family conflict above and beyond that accounted for by each variable individually. Limitations of the research study are discussed and suggestions for future research are provided.
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Grigsby, Tenora Dianne, "The Effects of Perceived Work Schedule Flexibility, Number of Hours Worked, and Type of Work Schedule on Work-Family Conflict" (1993). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 4606.