Portland State University. Department of Psychology.
Date of Award
Master of Science (M.S.) in Psychology
1 online resource ( 2, iv, 77 p.)
Safe sex in AIDS prevention -- Psychological aspects, Behavior modification, Gay men -- Mental health
This study examined the effects of behavior change on psychological health among gay and bisexual men of Portland, Oregon who were at risk for contracting AIDS. Cross-sectional self-reports of personal experiences were obtained in Summer, 1991. Sexual behaviors were used as predictors of self-efficacy, depression, anxiety, and subjective well-being. Adopting safer sexual behaviors was psychologically more costly than continuing to engage in high risk behaviors, or long-term adherence to safer behaviors. Behaviors amenable to short-term change differed from those conducive to long-term maintenance. Behavior change was also found to have a beneficial effect on self-efficacy.
These findings suggest that behavior change, traditionally considered as the endpoint of a process, might more appropriately be considered as an interim stage influenced by earlier, and having an influence on later, psychological health. By integrating models of behavior change from research on alcohol and drug use, smoking, and weight control, researchers studying AIDS-related behavior might better understand the place of behavior change in the process of change, relapse, and maintenance.
Balshem, Howard, "AIDS-Preventative Behaviors and the Psychological Costs of Behavior Change" (1994). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 4705.