Portland State University. Department of Biology.
Robert L. Millette
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Biology
Nucleotide sequence, Herpes simplex virus -- Genetic aspects
1 online resource (2, v, 83 p.)
A regulatory element involved in the transcriptional activation of the major capsid protein (VP5) of herpes simplex virus type 1 was identified and characterized in this research project. Gel mobility shift assay with nuclear extracts from both uninfected and HSV-1 infected HeLa cells identified two major protein-DNA complexes involving the VP5 promoter. No viral specific complex found. DNase I and orthophenanthroline-cu+ footprint analyses in the same laboratory revealed that the two complexes involve a single binding site, GGCCATCTTGAA, located between -64 and -75 bp relative to the VP5 cap site. To determine the function of this leaky-late binding site (LBS) in VP5 gene activation, mutated VP5 promoters with deletion and insertion around LBS were constructed and linked to a reporter gene, bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene. The effect of mutations were tested in transient expression assay. Deletion of LBS resulted in seven to eight-fold reduction in the level of transactivation of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene by superinfection with HSV-1 or by cotransfection of HSV immediate-early genes. These results indicated LBS is involved in the maximal transactivation of the VPS gene. A search of published gene sequences found the homologs of LBS exist in a number of HSV-1 By promoters, and other viral promoters, as well as cellar promoters. Some of these homologs have found involved in the transcription regulation.
Chen, Shin, "The DNA Sequence Required for the Maximal Transactivation of the VP5 Gene of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1" (1994). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 4716.