First Advisor

Mary L. Taylor

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Biology






Glycolipids, Pseudomonas putida, Toluene -- Biodegradation



Physical Description

1 online resource (2, vi, 57 p.)


Utilization of toluene by Pseudomonas putida as its sole carbon and energy source affects morphology, outer membrane protein composition, and glycolipid production. Two strains of P. putida were found to utilize toluene and to coexist in continuous and batch culture. The two strains were designated translucent and opaque, based upon their readily identifiable coloration when grown on Luria agar. The translucent strain was the dominant strain in continuous culture conditions. The outer membrane proteins of P. putida were separated by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. When toluene is the carbon and energy source, the trend in protein composition was towards a general increase in concentration of lower molecular weight proteins (wt). A similar decrease occurred in the concentration of higher molecular weight proteins in the range of 70X104-9X104 mol wt. P. putida produces glycolipids when grown on toluene as a sole carbon and energy source. Three glycolipids have been isolated from chemostat and batch culture spent media, using thin layer chromatography on silica gel GF254· The glycolipids are believed to be previously reported mono- and di-rhamnolipids that function as biosurfactants. The release of glycolipid into the media is believed to function to emulsify toluene, aiding in toluene uptake.


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