First Advisor

Joel S. Steele

Term of Graduation

Winter 2021

Date of Publication

3-4-2021

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Applied Psychology

Department

Psychology

Language

English

Subjects

Courtesy in the workplace -- Statistics, Meta-analysis, Work environment

DOI

10.15760/etd.7526

Physical Description

1 online resource (v, 158 pages)

Abstract

Workplace incivility and its negative impacts on individuals, teams, and organizations have been widely studied. However, the literature lacks a comprehensive understanding of incivility from the instigator's perspective. The purpose of this dissertation was to demonstrate a set of meta-analytic relationships with instigated incivility to understand what individual, interpersonal, and organizational factors facilitate or prevent incivility instigation. Additionally, this work aimed to empirically test moderating effects of the relationship between experienced and instigated incivility, elucidating the conditions under which targets of incivility are more or less likely to instigate incivility in turn. This meta-analysis included 35,344 workers from 76 independent samples. Results showed that instigated incivility was related to several correlates including psychological ill-being, p = .37, and well-being, p = -.17; physical well-being, p = -.25; personal dispositions that are risk factors, p = .47, and preventative factors, p = -.34; negative, p = .28, and positive, p = -.33, job attitudes; positive team characteristics, p = -.28; job demands, p = .10; and experienced, p = .61, and observed, p = .58, incivility. Moderator analyses showed that the relationship between experienced and instigated incivility was weaker for older participants and under conditions of greater job control and work group civility, and that the instrument used to measure instigated incivility had no impact on the strength of effects. This study contributes to the existing literature by synthesizing findings from past work and identifying areas for future work. These findings also have important practical implications for the development and implementation of incivility interventions.

Rights

In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/ This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

Persistent Identifier

https://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/35132

Available for download on Friday, March 04, 2022

Included in

Psychology Commons

Share

COinS