Portland State University. Department of Psychology
Term of Graduation
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Psychology
Correctional personnel -- Job stress, Job stress -- Prevention, Vigilance (Psychology), Correctional personnel -- Mental health, Stress (Psychology)
1 online resource (iv, 62 pages)
Correctional officers (COs) are expected to remain alert in order to maintain safety within the potentially hostile prison environment. As a result, COs experience high levels of work-related hypervigilance (WHV), which has been associated with negative health and wellbeing outcomes for COs. This study examines nonwork experiences as potential boundary conditions for the relationship between WHV and strain outcomes. It was hypothesized that nonwork experiences (psychological detachment, relaxation, mastery experiences, and exercise) would weaken the relationship between WHV and strain outcomes (emotional exhaustion, physical symptoms and impaired sleep). Data were analyzed from 166 COs in Oregon. A series of hierarchical moderated regressions were conducted to test the study hypotheses. Results supported two of the hypotheses, indicating that mastery experiences and exercise individually moderated the positive relationship between WHV and emotional exhaustion. Implications of these findings, limitations and future directions are discussed.
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Getzen, Samantha, "Guarding Against Strain: The Moderating Role of Nonwork Experiences in the Relationship Between Work-Related Hypervigilance and Strain in Correctional Officers" (2021). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 5807.