First Advisor

Amy Lubitow

Term of Graduation

Fall 2021

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in Sociology






Transphobia -- Japan, Transphobia -- United States, Transphobia -- Prevention, Gender identity -- Study and teaching (Higher), College students -- Japan -- Attitudes, College students -- United States -- Attitudes, Transgender people -- Social conditions, Transphobia -- Cross-cultural studies



Physical Description

1 online resource (vi, 53 pages)


Transgender people routinely experience discrimination and mistreatment. Although transphobic attitudes vary from country to country, a more in-depth understanding of these attitudes is needed. Using a semi-structured online survey, this study investigates college students' attitudes toward transgender people in Japan and the United States, a cross-national comparison that aims to deepen our understanding of how transphobic attitudes are shaped and what opportunities exist to reduce transphobia amongst college students. Results show that Japanese students express more transphobic attitudes than U.S. students do; and that U.S. students had more experience with gender-based educational content and were more likely to know someone who identified as transgender, while most Japanese students learned about transgender people through social media. These findings suggest that gender-based content in higher education courses is useful for reducing transphobic attitudes.


© 2021 Kazusa Seko

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