Date of Publication


Document Type





Transgender people routinely experience discrimination and mistreatment. Although transphobic attitudes vary from country to country, a more in-depth understanding of these attitudes is needed. Using a semi-structured online survey, this study investigates college students’ attitudes toward transgender people in Japan and the United States, a cross-national comparison that aims to deepen our understanding of how transphobic attitudes are shaped and what opportunitiesexist to reduce transphobia amongst college students. Results show that Japanese students express more transphobic attitudes than U.S. students do; and that U.S. students had more experience with gender-based educational content and were more likely to know someone who identified as transgender, while most Japanese students learned about transgender people through social media. These findings suggest that gender-based content in higher education courses is useful for reducing transphobic attitudes.

Available for download on Saturday, January 14, 2023