Portland State University. Department of Communication
Term of Graduation
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Communication
1 online resource (iv, 128 pages)
Social scientists argue that values enable group coordination. I explore two theories of values before turning to evidence provided by Amanda Gorman's inaugural poem, "The Hill We Climb." First, the paradigm of Shalom Schwartz describes values as transsituational goals which enable groups to coordinate action and evaluate the world. I argue the Schwartz paradigm zooms out from values into categories while I need a means to zoom in to understand values in discourse. I turn to the Pragmatic Prospection paradigm to elaborate the cognitive ontology of goals and to understand the function of language. I argue that values are shared simulations of desirable futures and plans to attain them. By sharing plans in discourse, groups can coordinate action to attain goals.
I employ a qualitative textual analysis using Close Reading and Conceptual Metaphor Theory to search for values in "The Hill We Climb." My analysis identifies: Ideals (and Criteria of Evaluation), Plans, Means, Ends, and Negative Social Values. Ideals are words that describe a simulation and are often used in criteria of evaluation to create a contrast between the status of the present (the real) and the desirable state (the ideal). I found that Gorman articulates a variety of plans which are demarcated by the connection of possible actions (means) with desirable outcomes (ends). Negative social values are those ideals and plans which Gorman rejects as undesirable to articulate what actions should not be taken. I provide representative examples and theoretical analysis for each category before offering a discussion.
© 2021 Luke Edward Hanst
In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/ This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
Hanst, Luke Edward, "Investigating Values in Discourse: Ideals and Social Plans" (2021). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 5883.