First Advisor

Jason Podrabsky

Date of Publication

Fall 1-1-2012

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Biology






Killifishes, Anoxemia -- Pathophysiology, Oxygen -- Physiological effect



Physical Description

1 online resource (v, 45 p.) : col. ill.


Embryos of the annual killifish Austrofundulus limnaeus display a remarkable tolerance to anoxia during development, most notably during embryonic diapause. Little is known about the metabolic or enzymatic changes that accompany this state of anoxia tolerance. This study examined the metabolic changes associated with exposure to anoxia by measuring the activity of the enzyme phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), and by profiling the concentration of 31 metabolites ranging from amino acids to citric cycle intermediates at 4 different developmental stages, diapause 2 (DII), 4 days post diapause (dpd), 12 and 22 dpd. Embryos of A. limnaeus showed stage specific changes in concentrations of several metabolites. The most notable changes in metabolite concentration in response to anoxia were the increases of lactate, alanine, GABA and succinate as well as a pronounced decrease in aspartate concentrations. However, a complete understanding of the mechanisms by which anoxia tolerance is achieved remains elusive. Further studies into the tissue specific responses of anoxia would enable greater resolution when attempting to explain changes in concentrations of metabolites both during development and in response to anoxic insult.


In Copyright. URI: This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

Persistent Identifier