Hatfield School of Government. Department of Political Science
Melody Ellis Valdini
Term of Graduation
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Political Science
1 online resource (iv, 68 pages)
While mechanisms of legitimacy development have been extensively studied in governments as a cohesive whole, procedural legitimation of the legislative branch has not been explored. Using a procedural justice framework to identify indicators of openness in legislative rules, this paper theorizes that the presence or absence of these indicators will be the key factor in public perceptions of legitimacy of the legislature. This paper hypothesizes that where more indicators are present, a legislature will be viewed as more legitimate by its citizens as compared to a legislature with fewer indicators.
Comparing Indonesia and the Philippines, two presidential democracies in Southeast Asia with very similar economic, political, and historical circumstances, this paper reviews the procedural rules of both legislatures. It further performs a qualitative analysis of publicly available media reporting to corroborate whether the public has the opportunity to form opinions of legislative legitimacy based on the availability of information on legislative procedure. This paper finds that more openness indicators are present in the legislature of the Philippines than in the legislature of Indonesia. Because the Philippines legislature enjoys higher public satisfaction that the legislature of Indonesia, a positive relationship between indicators of openness and perception of legitimacy is exposed. In the absence of other persuasive explanations of legislative legitimacy in these two cases, and with qualitative evidence demonstrating the public has access to information on legislative procedure when forming their opinions on the legitimacy of the legislature, the theory of legislative legitimation via procedure is supported by these cases.
© 2022 Megan Elizabeth Cox
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Cox, Megan Elizabeth, "Legislative Procedures and Perceptions of Legitimacy" (2022). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 6029.