First Advisor

Shelby L. Anderson

Term of Graduation

Spring 2022

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Anthropology






Pacific Coast (Or) -- Antiquities, Shipwrecks -- Oregon -- Pacific Coast -- 17th century, Protohistory, Stoneware, Asian pottery



Physical Description

1 online resource (ix, 267 pages)


Over the past three centuries, items from the Beeswax Wreck have been discovered on Oregon's northern coastline near Manzanita, including stoneware and earthenware fragments. While the stoneware and earthenware were not noticed by beachcombers washing ashore until more recently, similar artifacts have been noted within Indigenous sites for decades. While most of the analysis of the artifacts found in protohistoric settings are used to provide proof of a wreck or potentially a marker of the start of the contact period, this study aims to provide some context to the stoneware and earthenware sherds related to the wreck. The goal was also to present a discussion on how artifacts related to the wreck can provide an opportunity to reevaluate some of the colonial narratives related to Native usage of historic trade goods and the issues surrounding how historic artifacts are interpreted and documented in protohistoric sites. While this paper examines a private collection of stoneware and earthenware from the Beeswax Wreck, the study also provides questions for how these materials could be used to discuss larger questions of Native use and trade in the region.


© 2022 Vanessa Renee Litzenberg

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