First Advisor

Lisa Letcher-Glembo

Term of Graduation

Spring 1998

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Speech Communication: Speech and Hearing Sciences


Speech Communication




Vocational guidance, Teenagers, Cleft palate, Cleft lip



Physical Description

1 online resource (vii, 69 pages)


The current research studied career orientation levels during adolescence utilizing previously collected cross-sectional data on 80 subjects. The subjects had participated in a study focusing on the ways in which clefting, gender, self-concept, mental ability, and socioeconomic status impact career development. Preliminary analysis of the data found that self-concept, mental ability, self-ratings of facial appearance, and desired level of future educational status were the factors most predictive of level of career development. In the initial analysis of the data, subjects, cleft and noncleft, who demonstrated high self-esteem, high mental ability, reported a more advanced level of desired higher education, and whose facial appearance were rated by objective judges as more acceptable were found to demonstrate more advanced levels of career development. In-depth analysis of the Career Development Inventory (CDI) subtest data collected for each of the 80 subjects was not performed as part of the initial study.

The current study involved in-depth analysis of CDI subtest data from 40 cleft and 40 noncleft individuals, equally divided between males and females in the age group categories of 14, 15, 16, and 17 years. Specifically, the study sought to identify the effects of subject 2 type (cleft and noncleft), age, and gender on the career orientation areas of career planning, career exploration, decision-making, and world-of-work knowledge. Three-way ANOV A analysis techniques failed to find significant effects for subject type, age, or gender in the developmental areas of career planning, career exploration, or decision-making. Significant effects were found for subject type and gender in the developmental area of world-of-work knowledge. Subjects without clefts were found to demonstrate more advanced levels of world-of-work knowledge as compared to their peers with orofacial clefts. Female subjects (cleft and noncleft) were found to be more advanced in world-of-work knowledge as compared to their male peers. A significant difference was found between 15-year-old subjects and 17-year-old subjects in world-of-work knowledge. Fifteen-year-old subjects scored significantly lower than their 17-year-old counterparts.

Persistent Identifier