First Advisor

G. Tucker Childs

Term of Graduation

Summer 1998

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages


Applied Linguistics




Chinook jargon -- Revival, Chinook jargon -- Social aspects, Language policy -- Oregon -- Grand Ronde Indian Reservation (Or.), Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon



Physical Description

1 online resource (132 pages)


The Kwelth Tahlkie Culture and Heritage Board (KTC&HB) of the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon (CTGR) have made it a priority to revitalize one of the languages which historically has been associated with being a Grand Ronde Indian-Chinook Jargon, referred to as c̽ɪnʊk wawa 'Chinook talk' or simply c̽ɪnʊk.

The purpose of the present study was to observe the language planning process as executed by the KTC&HB. Initial guiding questions were: (i) What stages is the KTC&HB going through in the process of planning for c̽ɪnʊk revitalization? (ii) How do these efforts compare with theory and actual practice in other settings? (iii) How will the KTC&HB achieve their goals, and how successful will they be? The researcher participated in the language planning process, functioning as a linguistic consultant. From January through May 1998, over 150 hours were spent on location 1n Grand Ronde, working primarily with the Tribe's language specialist to develop materials on c̽ɪnʊk.

The language planning efforts have resulted in the production of a variety of language materials which are, at this point, still in draft form. They include an orthography-developed to increase readability and learnability of the language, a grammar-including both syntactic and phonological descriptions, and a dictionary based on a wide variety of sources on c̽ɪnʊk. Participant observation reveals that there is support for the language planning efforts in GR at a number of levels: the Tribal Council, the KTC&HB, and the c̽ɪnʊk luʔlu, a group often to fifteen tribal members committed to learning the language. This group will assist the language specialist in future language planning decisions. The success of the early stages of language planning in this case can be attributed, at least in part, to the Native locus of control which has been established. Clearly defined and articulated relationships with outside linguists will also contribute to the success of this case. The c̽ɪnʊk luʔlu is off to a great start, as well. with highly motivated community members striving to learn the language quickly.


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