First Advisor

Tori Crain

Term of Graduation

Winter 2023

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Psychology






Industrial relations, Demography, Social networks, Supervisors -- Rating of, Employees -- Rating of



Physical Description

1 online resource (vii, 121 pages)


The benefits of family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB) have been well-documented in recent literature. However, less research has examined the antecedents of FSSB. The present study draws from two theoretical models of FSSB to investigate the demographic antecedents of FSSB in a military sample. Supervisor and employee gender, partnered status, parental status, and elder caregiving status were examined to determine by whom, and for whom, FSSB is provided, as measured by employee perceptions. It is hypothesized that supervisors and employees who are women, partnered, parents, and/or caregivers to elders would have higher employee-ratings of FSSB. Furthermore, the present study applied a relational demography perspective to examine supervisor-employee dyads who have matching characteristics (i.e., a match between the two members of the dyad on gender, race, partnered status, parental status, and elder caregiving status). It is hypothesized that supervisor-employee dyads that match in any of these characteristics would have higher employee-ratings of FSSB and greater agreement between supervisor-ratings and employee-ratings of FSSB. It is also hypothesized that dyads with more matching characteristics would have greater employee-ratings of FSSB and greater agreement in supervisor-ratings and employee-ratings of FSSB. Only eldercare match was tentatively related to greater FSSB agreement. Supplemental analyses showed that supervisors in racially diverse dyads may tend to overrate their own FSSB. However, the findings of the present study generally did not support that employee and supervisor demographics were associated with perceptions of FSSB within this military organizational context.


© 2023 Erika Ann Schemmel

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