First Advisor

Bruce Gilley

Term of Graduation

Spring 2023

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Public Affairs and Policy


Public Affairs and Policy




Emerging countries, Nonprofit finance, Nonprofit management, Nonprofit survival, Organizational resilience, Thailand



Physical Description

1 online resource (vii, 141 pages)


Since 2005, nonprofit organizations in Thailand, a transitive country, have experienced survival challenges due to social, economic, and political changes. This study aims to explore the organizational attributes of nonprofit organizations in Thailand that contribute to resilient capacity, which is an ability to survive and continue providing goods and services to fulfill missions when facing challenges. The research questions of this study are what factors have affected the resilience of social welfare nonprofit organizations in Thailand since the onset of the country’s prolonged political crisis in 2005? And to what extent do theories of nonprofit resilience in advanced liberal democracies explain or fail to explain cases like Thailand in the emerging context? This study employed a qualitative multiple-case study, which involves documentary research, in-depth interviews, and surveys of leaders from 15 nonprofit organizations in Thailand. The case studies demonstrate that organizational attributes in achieving resilience are highly interrelated and context-dependent. Only nonprofit organizations with a specific set of organizational attributes as pre-conditions such as transformational and governance leaders, successfully implement strategies suggested in the existing literature. In addition, not all strategies for resilience developed in the context of advanced liberal democracies are applicable to Thailand’s transitional context. In conclusion, this study suggests that context-specific pathways and strategies are the best way to understand nonprofit resilience.


©2023 Narttana Sakolvittayanon

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