First Advisor

Maura Kelly

Term of Graduation

Spring 2023

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Sociology






Apprenticeship, Constuction, Gender, Occupation, Support



Physical Description

1 online resource (v, 51 pages)


The construction industry is still primarily white male dominated, and while there is significant research on gendered experiences in the trades, there is not research on experiences and attitudes towards support that occurs outside of the trades across gender and other intersectional identities. My study aims to start filling the gap and answer the questions: how does access to personal and professional networks impact success among Oregon apprentices? How is access to and attitudes towards receiving support impacted by gender and race? To answer these questions this study uses qualitative interviews of Oregon apprentices who completed or terminated in 2018-2019. Utilizing organizational inequalities theories such as Acker's theories on gendered organization and inequality regimes in congruence with construction literature, I found that despite efforts from the Highway Workforce Construction Development Program to increase support for marginalized apprentices, women and apprentices of color still do not have the same access to support. I propose that Acker and other organizational inequality theories are expanded to include personal networks to fully understand how support impacts success.


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