First Advisor

Jeffrey Robinson

Term of Graduation

Spring 2023

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Communication






Conversation, Gaze orientation, Turn taking

Physical Description

1 online resource (vi, 64 pages)


This thesis extends our understanding of the role of gaze orientation in turn taking, answering the following research question: When an answerer withdraws their gaze from a questioner at the completion point of the first turn-constructional unit of their answer, is this a practice for communicating that their answer-turn-so-far is not transition relevant (i.e., that the answerer is not complete with their turn and will continue speaking)? Data are videotapes of 274 information-seeking sequences drawn from 28 dyadic, mundane, English conversations between close friends. The methods are mixed, including conversation analysis and coding for statistical purposes. Data were transcribed for vocal and embodied conduct, and coded for a variety of turn-taking and gaze-related behaviors. Data were analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. Quantitatively, RQ1 was affirmed by a series of logistic regressions. Qualitatively, RQ1 was affirmed by analyzing coded cases that both appeared to affirm, and disaffirm, RQ1. Findings both resolve inconsistencies in, and advance findings of, prior literature.

Included in

Communication Commons