First Advisor

Liu-Qin Yang

Term of Graduation

Summer 2023

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Applied Psychology






daily diary, microbreaks, recovery from work stress, recovery paradox



Physical Description

1 online resource (vii, 90 pages)


Research has highlighted the importance of recovery from work stress during non-work time for employee health and wellbeing. Building on the recovery from work stress literature, this study examines the recovery paradox which suggests that employees may recover from work demands the least when they need it the most. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to shed light on the mechanisms underlying the recovery paradox. Specifically, this study examined whether a common work stressor, workload in the morning, is indirectly related to poorer recovery experiences in the evening through negative states at the end of workday. Furthermore, this study investigated whether microbreaks at work moderated the relationship between workload in the morning and negative states at the end of the workday. Participants were recruited using social media to partake in a five-day daily diary study consisting of three measurement occasions per day. Multilevel analyses were conducted to test the study hypotheses. Results indicated that workload was negatively associated with relaxation in the evening. Further, negative affect at the end of the workday was negatively associated with psychological detachment and relaxation in the evening. Finally, vigor at the end of the workday was positively associated with mastery experiences in the evening. Overall, these findings point to the importance of end of workday states as a predictor of recovery experiences in the evening.


© 2023 Morgan Rose Taylor

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Persistent Identifier

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