First Advisor

Lisa Bates

Term of Graduation

Spring 2023

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Urban Studies (M.U.S.)


Urban Studies and Planning




15 minute city, 20 minute neighborhood, complete neighborhood, housing, parking, walkbility



Physical Description

1 online resource (iv, 74 pages)


This paper performs a spatial analysis of Portland, Oregon, with a focus on identifying and utilizing "wasted space," such as parking lots and vacant land, as strategic opportunities to enhance the completeness of the city. The planning concept of a "complete neighborhood" is defined as a locality that offers residents access to all essential aspects of daily life within a convenient walking distance. This notion encompasses elements, such as walkability, accessibility to essential services and amenities, sustainability, and equity. The objective of this study is to provide a more precise definition of the planning concept of a complete neighborhood and explore the implications of such specificity. The research utilizes regional, town, and neighborhood centers as defined by the city of Portland as case studies. These centers are described as compact urban areas that serve as anchors for complete neighborhoods, incorporating retail stores, businesses, civic amenities, housing options, health clinics, employment centers, and public gathering places. Through these case studies, the paper investigates the potential for using wasted space to create complete, walkable neighborhoods. To help readers grasp the possible outcomes of repurposing wasted space in a socially responsible manner, the study employs architectural images to visualize the potential impact on neighborhoods throughout Portland and the United States.


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