First Advisor

Greg Townley

Term of Graduation

Spring 2023

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Psychology






Ecological, Self-determination, Serious Mental Illness, Supportive housing, Well-being



Physical Description

1 online resource (v, 68 pages)


The provision of residential and community-based services for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) has become increasingly important following the deinstitutionalization movement. Much of the existing research on supportive housing focuses on housing outcomes rather than exploring how the program helps its residents thrive in the broader community. This study draws upon data collected from 176 people with SMI residing in 16 supportive housing locations in Portland, Oregon. Analyses employed an ecological approach, exploring how housing staff support relates to residents' well-being at three levels of analysis: loneliness (interpersonal level), residential satisfaction (housing and neighborhood level), and sense of community (community level). Staff support was found to be related to lower levels of loneliness, higher residential satisfaction, and a higher sense of community. Self-determination was considered as a moderator to understand the role of residents' agency in the relationship between staff support and well-being outcomes. Self-determination moderated the relationship between staff support and residential satisfaction; however, it did not moderate the relationship between staff support and sense of community or loneliness. This study has implications for policymakers, researchers, and interventionists, expanding upon the limited body of research on staff support and the well-being of residents in a supportive housing environment.


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Persistent Identifier

Included in

Psychology Commons