First Advisor

Shelby Anderson

Term of Graduation

January 2023

Date of Publication


Document Type





ceramics, colonialism, Fort Vancouver, historical archaeology, Hudson's Bay Company, Pacific Northwest

Physical Description

1 online resource ( pages)


For much of the early 19th century, the British Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) dominated commercial activity throughout the Pacific Northwest. Following development of the Oregon Trail in the 1840s and 1850s, however, the HBC saw increasing social and economic competition from American settlers. This research examines nationalist attitudes evident during the transition to the American colonial era and effects on the consumption of commercial goods. Analyses compare archaeological ceramics from two retail sites located in what is now Vancouver, Washington: an 1850s American sutler’s store and the HBC Sale Shop. Additional comparison is made with a contemporaneous U.S. Army Officers’ Quarters to understand influences on domestic versus commercial contexts. The comparisons suggest associations between nationality and consumption, although practices were also dependent on socioeconomic class. Collectively, these findings provide insights on the materiality of national identity and the broader associations between consumption and identity expression.


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Available for download on Saturday, February 01, 2025