First Advisor

Kenneth M. Ames

Date of Publication

Summer 1-1-2012

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in Anthropology






Hudson's Bay Company -- History -- 19th century, Garden archaeology -- Methodology, Power (Social sciences) -- Washington (State) -- 19th century, Fort Vancouver National Historic Site (Wash.) -- Antiquities



Physical Description

1 online resource (vii, 284 p.) : ill. (some col.), maps (some col.)


The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), a British fur-trading enterprise, created a large garden at Fort Vancouver, now in southwest Washington, in the early- to mid-19th century. This fort was the administrative headquarters for the HBC's activities in western North America. Archaeological investigations were conducted at this site in 2005 and 2006 in order to better understand the role of this large space, which seems incongruous in terms of resources required, to the profit motive of the HBC. Questions about the landscape characteristics, and comments by 19th century visitors to the site provided the impetus for theoretical research of gardens as representations of societal power, and, on a mid-range level, the efficacy of certain archaeological methods in researching this type of space. Documentary research related to the history of the HBC Garden was also conducted, including previous archaeology completed at the site. The results of these lines of inquiry are presented, providing insight as to the diverse roles this Garden fulfilled in the survival of the HBC in the region - as a commercial enterprise, as a microcosm of western societal practice, and in the health of its employees.


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