Oregon Maurie Clark Endowed Fellowship supported this research. This research was also supported by the “Europe and Beyond” Fellowship Program, which is part of the cooperation between Europa-Kolleg Hamburg and Bundeskanzler-Helmut-Schmidt Foundation and financed through funding by the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg.
International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
Climatic changes -- Law and legislation, Environmental law, Climate change mitigation -- International cooperation
The transformation from the Kyoto Protocol to the Paris Agreement has been analyzed by international relations scholars, international law, and transnational governance theory. The international relations literature looks at the climate regime from a perspective of power distribution, state interests, institutions, and multilateral negotiations. International law theory focuses on legal analysis and design of international climate agreements. The transnational governance literature examines the participation of transnational actors at different levels of governance. However, each of these theories overlooks a bilateral trend of cooperation in a multilateral setting that arises as part of the construction or reconstruction of the international regime. Why do national and subnational public actors in global climate governance cooperate bilaterally when multilateral cooperation already exists? What type of bilateral cooperative agreements do these actors prefer, and why? Using qualitative methods, combining content analysis subsequent interviews, this research empirically demonstrates the role and importance of bilateral transatlantic cooperation and informal agreements between national and subnational actors in global climate governance. Using the EU-US case study, this research identifies a diagonal dimension of interaction between states and transnational actors. It introduces and defines the terms “translateral cooperation” and “translateral agreements” in the new climate regime.
© 2022 Nataliya Stranadko
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Published as: Stranadko, N. (2022). Global climate governance: rising trend of translateral cooperation. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 1-19.
Available for download on Wednesday, March 29, 2023