Josiah Royce (1855-1916) -- Philosophy, Environmental ethics, Human ecology, Environmental ethics
This article surveys recent attempts to articulate the latent environmental philosophy of Josiah Royce (Selk; Oppenheim; Price; Bell; Minteer; Brunson) and to assess the merits and flaws of these attempts. It will then orient Royce's latent environmental philosophy within the context of contemporary methodologies of environmental ethics in the hopes of demonstrating Royce's relevance and potential to these engagements of current ecological crises. It will conclude by articulating a unique perspective of loyalty to nature founded on a Roycean appeal to moral perfectionism, his response to the egoism of Friedrich Nietzsche, and a blending of the sources presented at the outset. As shall be demonstrated, loyalty to nature provides a novel pragmatic alternative to the anthropocentric-biocentric axiology and a richer, more comprehensive view of humanity's relationship to fellow natural beings, the land, the planet, and nature itself.
Spencer, Albert R., "Loyalty to Nature: Royce's Latent Environmental Philosophy" (2017). Philosophy Faculty Publications and Presentations. 40.