Exploring Biopsychosocial Correlates of Pain, Pain Management Strategies, and Risk for Opioid Misuse Among Home Care Workers in Washington State
This work was supported by the Oregon Healthy Workforce Center, a Total Worker Health® Center of Excellence funded by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (grant number U19OH010154). This work was also supported by the Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Sciences at Oregon Health & Science University via funds from the Division of Consumer and Business Services of the State of Oregon (ORS 656.630).
Home Health Care Services Quarterly
Home care workers (HCWs) are at high risk for musculoskeletal pain and injury, and they are an important population for pain management research and intervention. The purpose of this study was to gather novel data on HCWs' work characteristics, pain experiences, pain management strategies, and risk for opioid misuse. A survey invitation was e-mailed to a random sub-sample of HCWs in Washington State, and 421 responded. Over half (54.2%) reported chronic or currently elevated pain. Pharmacological pain management strategies were used by 67.3% of all respondents with 4.8% reporting prescription opioid use. Biopsychosocial factors like injuries, interpersonal conflict, financial strain, and anxiety were associated with increased opioid misuse risk. Multimodal primary and secondary interventions are recommended to improve HCWs' pain management.
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Greenspan, L. S., Alley, L., Rice, S. P. M., & Olson, R. (2020). Exploring biopsychosocial correlates of pain, pain management strategies, and risk for opioid misuse among home care workers in Washington State. Home Health Care Services Quarterly, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/01621424.2020.1810191