A Change for the Worse: Negative Social Exchanges Are Associated with an Accelerated Decline in Self-Rated Health over Time
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by National Institute on Aging Grants R01 AG022957 (Newsom), R01 AG14130 (Rook), and R01 AG009221 (Krause).
Journal of Aging and Health
Age-associated accelerated declines in physical health vary across individuals, and researchers have suggested that individual differences in decline may vary as a function of stressors. The relation of one such stressor, negative social exchanges, to accelerated declines in self-rated health is investigated.
Method: Participants are from a 2-year, 5-wave, national, longitudinal study of social relationships among older adults. Growth curve analyses are used to examine the relation of negative and positive social exchanges to accelerated changes in self-rated health, controlling for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, and depressive symptoms. Results: Individuals reporting more frequent negative social exchanges showed significantly accelerated declines in physical health. Positive social exchanges were not related to linear or accelerated declines in self-rated health over time.
The association between negative social exchanges and accelerated deterioration in self-rated health provides general support for hypotheses that interpersonal stressors play an important role age-related physical health decline.
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Newsom, J. T., McQueen, A., Rook, K. S., Krause, N., & Denning, E. C. (2022). A Change for the Worse: Negative Social Exchanges are Associated with an Accelerated Decline in Self-Rated Health Over Time. Journal of Aging and Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/08982643221083407