Individual and Contextual Variables Enhance Transfer for a Workplace Eco-Driving Intervention
This research was funded by the National Institute for Transportation and Communities (NITC), a program of the Transportation Research and Education Center at Portland State University and a U.S. Department of Transportation university transportation center (project number TO#2013-D-05).
Transportation Research: Part F - Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
The adoption of energy efficient driving styles and practices, eco-driving, has been recognized in the literature as an option for reducing vehicle energy consumption. Prior eco-driving research has looked at the effectiveness of various eco-driving programs. However, the characteristics of the individuals participating in fleet eco-driving programs and the role of the supervisor as an advocate for eco-driving practices have remained relatively unexamined. An eco-driving intervention intended to increase eco-driving behaviors in a work organization was conducted with fleet drivers in three public organizations. Drawing from the workplace training literature, we hypothesized that employee eco-driving behaviors will increase after the implementation of an eco-driving intervention, but that these behaviors will be dependent on the participant's pre-intervention motivation and support from their supervisor for implementing eco-driving practices. Survey data were collected pre- and post-intervention from 51 fleet drivers (average age 45.3 and 33% female), and results indicate that the eco-driving intervention was effective when either high levels of pre-intervention motivation or supervisor support were present.
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Mansfield, L. R., Guros, F., Truxillo, D. M., & MacArthur, J. (2016). Individual and contextual variables enhance transfer for a workplace eco-driving intervention. Transportation Research: Part F, 37138-143. doi:10.1016/j.trf.2015.12.001