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Sociology Compass

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Inequality, Racial disparity, Education -- Social aspects -- United States, People with disabilities -- Social conditions -- Research


Complete and accurate understandings of stratification depend on more regular consideration of disability. To build sociologists’ recognition of disability as a socially constructed axis of stratification, we first demonstrate the construction of the disability category through classic legitimating processes: moral attributions, biological attributions, separation, and dichotomization. Expanding understandings of basic processes of stratification, we then document the centrality of disability in the social construction of class, race, gender, sexual orientation, and age. Finally, we show various ways disability functions as an axis of stratification in intersection with other key axes of stratification.


This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Dara Shifrer and Angela Frederick. 2019. “Disability at the Intersections.” Sociology Compass, which has been published in final form at: This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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