Low Income Dynamics and Depression over the Life Course in South Korea

Published In

Advances in Life Course Research

Document Type


Publication Date



Transit expansion can not only enhance connectivity and urban mobility but also affect neighbourhood relations and community relations. This study examines the extent to which transit-oriented development enhances or weakens the sense of community in the context of Hong Kong. Using data from a questionnaire survey conducted in 2016, we analysed the interrelationships between the presence of an urban rail service (Mass Transit Railway, or MTR), perceived neighbourhood gentrification, and sense of community based on residents’ perceptions. The primary findings indicate a somewhat complicated picture: (1) perceived gentrification is positively linked to sense of community, possibly due to improvements to the built environment and public spaces associated with gentrification; (2) MTR is not significantly linked to sense of community but is positively associated with perceived gentrification; and (3) residents living in neighbourhoods with a future MTR service demonstrate a lesser sense of community. Although our results do not indicate a strong direct influence of MTR on the sense of community, it appears possible that MTR substantially catalyses neighbourhood change, with the prospect of MTR expansion potentially lowering sense of community for certain residents due to an anticipated displacement effect. More research on these issues is necessary to better inform related urban and transport policy.


© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



Persistent Identifier