This research was supported by the National Institute of Drug Abuse (DA00105, DA00136, DA02497, DA04310) and the National Institutes of Health funded Build EXITO program at Portland State University (UL1GM118964).
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
Social work with youth, Youth -- Mental health services, Young adults -- Mental health services, Social work with children
Psycho-social dispositions and parental influence are central in early status attainment models. We apply the Social Structure and Personality framework to investigate the contributions of adolescents’ psycho-social dispositions to social mobility, and then the contributions of parents’ socioeconomic status (SES) and parenting to adolescents’ psycho-social dispositions. The Kaplan Longitudinal and Multigenerational Study includes data on two generations of respondents: the first-generation of respondents was observed from seventh grade in 1971 until midlife, and the second-generation, their children, was observed from adolescence to young adulthood. We find that upward social mobility is inhibited by poor psycho-social dispositions, particularly by negative self-feelings. SES, in turn, also affects psycho-social dispositions. Family income is more relevant (i.e., variance explained) than parental education for adolescents’ locus of control, while parental education is more relevant for adolescents’ negative self-feelings. Finally, our findings indicate that parenting can disrupt the cycle of social reproduction, with lower SES adolescents exhibiting lower levels of negative self-feelings if their parents are more attached or less authoritarian.
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Published as: Shifrer, D., & Pals, H. (2021). Social mobility, adolescents’ psycho-social dispositions, and parenting. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 75, 100646. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rssm.2021.100646