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Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention

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Social work with teenagers, Teenagers -- Substance abuse, Harm reduction, Juvenile justice, Administration of -- United States -- Evaluation


This study assessed the determinants of substance abuse among incarcerated youth. Because substance abuse is a predictor of incarceration and conduct disorder is known to increase the chances of youth abusing substances, the purpose of this study was to determine what seminal symptoms of conduct disorder seem to be the risk factors for substance abusers among incarcerated youth. Data were collected on 83 youth in southern Oregon, 74 males and 9 females. Logistic regression found the overall model containing 6 symptoms of conduct disorder to be significantly related to substance abuse (p , .001). When looking at the 6 symptoms individually, however, only running away from home was significantly related to substance abuse (p , .001). Incarcerated youth who reported running away from home were more than 9 times likely to abuse substances than incarcerated youth who did not report running away from home. This indicates the importance of conducting brief therapy for the prevention and intervention of youth running away from home. The article concludes with a discussion on the importance of assessments, treatment plans, and conducting the harm-reduction approach. [Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention 7:34-39 (2007)]


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