Suicide -- Risk factors, Unemployment -- Psychological aspects, Suicide -- Prevention -- Mathematical models
Suicide is one of the leading causes of male mortality. In nearly every country in the world, more males than females end their life by suicide. Previous research indicates male-specific risk factors include social factors such as being unmarried, low income, and unemployment. An analytic model of male suicide is developed, proposing that the traditional male gender role creates a culturally-conditioned narrowing of perceived options and cognitive rigidity when under stress that increases male suicide risk. Suicide prevention and intervention require recognition of the role of high traditional masculinity, situating individual explanations within a broader social context. Based on this theory and the few existing empirical studies, testable hypotheses are proposed.
Coleman, D., Kaplan, M. S., & Casey, J. T. (2011). The Social Nature of Male Suicide: A New Analytic Model. International Journal Of Men's Health, 10(3), 240-252. doi:10.3149/jmh.1003.240