Perinatal Depression in Low-Income Women: A Literature Review and Innovative Screening Approach
This project was supported by Caring for Colorado, the Buell Foundation, the Piton Foundation, and the Colorado Health Foundation. This project was also supported by grant number K12HS026370 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Sex and Gender Issues in Behavioral Health
Purpose of Review
This paper reviews literature on perinatal depression prevalence, consequences, and screening among low-income women and women of color. We introduce the Warm Connections program’s innovative perinatal depression screening protocol and explore perinatal depression patterns among WIC participants.
Perinatal depression negatively impacts maternal and child outcomes. Research shows mixed findings of perinatal depression prevalence rates among low-income women and women of color. The Warm Connections program supports the ability of WIC staff to administer the EPDS to WIC participants. Perinatal depression rates appeared lower in the Warm Connections program than in studies using less specific perinatal depression screening instruments with similar samples.
Future research should continue to explore perinatal depression patterns among low-income women and women of color. Partnering with community-based settings such as WIC provides innovative opportunities to provide screening, referral, and treatment for low income women and women of color.
Locate the Document
Klawetter, S., McNitt, C., Hoffman, J. A., Glaze, K., Sward, A., & Frankel, K. (2020). Perinatal Depression in Low-Income Women: A Literature Review and Innovative Screening Approach. Current Psychiatry Reports, 22(1), 1.