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Care of Adults with Chronic Childhood Conditions



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Autistic people -- Services, Autism -- Research -- Citizen participation


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex, lifelong neurodevelopmental condition that is marked by deficits in social communication and interaction, and repetitive or restrictive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. These symptoms can create challenges for individuals on the autism spectrum and their parents during the transition to adulthood, which may interfere with their ability to access and receive adequate and appropriate health care. Awareness of how the challenges associated with ASD may translate to healthcare barriers can help primary care providers address the complex needs of individuals who are on the autism spectrum and mitigate the risks of additional health disparities. This chapter starts with a case presentation to illustrate key considerations for serving a patient population with ASD and the differences between a medical versus social model of disability, then provides an overview of ASD and its common comorbidities and risk factors, discussion about special issues that arise during the transition to adulthood, common interventions for individuals on the autism spectrum, as well as practical tips to facilitate health care.


Copyright © 2016 the authors. This is the author's accepted manuscript of a book chapter that subsequently appeared as: Crapnell T., Lau L., Hanks C.D., Nicolaidis C., Kuo A.A. (2016) Autism. In: Pilapil M., DeLaet D., Kuo A., Peacock C., Sharma N. (eds) Care of Adults with Chronic Childhood Conditions. Springer, Cham Version of record:



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