Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Validation of the Ages and Stages Questionnaires for use in Georgia

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Journal of Child and Family Studies

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Low- and middle-income countries need simple, technically sound developmental screening tools. The Ages and Stages Questionnaires, 3rd edition (ASQ-3) is widely accepted as a scientifically reliable and valid, user-friendly, and easy-to-learn and administer tool. This study documents the cultural adaptation, validation, and standardization of the Georgian ASQ-3 for children 1–66 months. The parents of 2974 children from one to 66 months completed the Georgian ASQ-3. We compared mean domain scores to the US normative sample, and performed multivariate analyses to detect variables associated with ASQ-3 cutoff scores. Cronbach's alpha values for all age groups varied from 0.643 to 0.824 across areas. We found significant differences in cutoff points between the Georgian ASQ-3 and US reference population in most domains across age groups. Child gender was associated with Communication (B, 0.453; p = 0.01), Fine Motor (B, 0.457; p = 0.01) and Personal–Social (B, 0.576; p = 0.001) with scores for girls more frequently distributed above the cutoff. We found administration of the Georgian ASQ-3 was easy after adaptation. We recommend additional research to investigate sensitivity and specificity and gender differences.



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