Recommendations From an Expert Panel of Health Professionals Regarding a Gestational Diabetes Risk Reduction Intervention for American Indian/Alaska Native Teens

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Pediatric Diabetes

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Background: American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents are at higher risk for gestational diabetes (GDM), type 2 diabetes, and pregnancy complications than the general population.

Objective: To inform cultural adaptation of a validated evidence‐based intervention (VEBI) originally designed to deliver preconception counseling and diabetes education to non‐AI/AN teens with diabetes.

Design: Qualitative data were collected using focus group and individual interview methods with health care professionals and experts (n = 16) in AI/AN health, GDM, adolescent health, and/or mother‐daughter communication. A semistructured discussion guide elicited responses about provision of care for AI/AN girls at risk for GDM, experience with successful programs for AI/AN teens, comfort of mother/daughter dyads in talking about diabetes and reproductive health and reactions to video clips and booklet selections from the VEBI. All interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim, and data analysis included inductive coding and identification of emergent themes.

Results: Providers felt teens and their moms would be comfortable talking about the VEBI topics and that teens who did not feel comfortable talking to their mom would likely rely on another adult female. Participants suggested including: AI/AN images/motifs, education with a community focus, and avoiding directive language. Concerns included: socioeconomic issues that affect AI/AN people such as: food and housing insecurity, abuse, and historical trauma.

Conclusions: Perspectives from these participants have been used to guide the development of a culturally tailored GDM risk reduction program for AI/AN girls. This program will be available to health care providers who serve the AI/AN population.


© 2020 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd

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