Barriers and Facilitators of Dental Care in African-American Seniors: A Qualitative Study of Consumers' Perspective
We would like to thank Medical Research Foundation (GSODO0085A) for funding this project as well as the participants of this study.
Journal of Advanced Oral Research
To identify African-American seniors’ perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to their dental care.
Materials and Methods:
In this cross-sectional qualitative study, we conducted in-depth interviews with 16 community-based, self-identified African-American seniors from March 2017 to August 2017 in Oregon. We coded data in ATLAS.ti and used thematic analysis to identify emergent themes within the social ecological framework and a cross-case comparative analysis to explore variation by participant characteristics.
Regardless of dental insurance status, cost and perceived urgency of treatment were the primary drivers of participant’s ability and interest in seeking dental care. Participants identified four solutions to improve oral health care in African-American seniors: affordable/free care and vouchers for dental work, better oral health education at a younger age, onsite community dental services, and navigators who can educate patients about insurance and dental providers who see low-income patients.
Oral health decisions by African-American seniors were primarily driven by cost and perceived urgency irrespective of insurance coverage. Affordable dental care, early intervention, on-site services, and navigation may help to address key barriers and reduce oral health disparities faced by African-Americans.
Locate the Document
Kohli, R., Howk, S., & Davis, M. M. (2020). Barriers and Facilitators of Dental Care in African-American Seniors: A Qualitative Study of Consumers’ Perspective. Journal of Advanced Oral Research, 11(1), 23–33. https://doi.org/10.1177/2320206819893213