Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevalence among Women at Risk for HIV Exposure Initiating Safer Conception Care in Rural, Southwestern Uganda
National Institute of Mental Health D43 TW010543
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Background Knowledge of sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence and risk factors is important to the development of tenofovir-based preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and safer conception programming. We introduced STI screening among women at risk for HIV exposure who were participating in a safer conception study in southwestern Uganda. Methods We enrolled 131 HIV-uninfected women, planning for pregnancy with a partner living with HIV or of unknown HIV serostatus (2018-2019). Women were offered comprehensive safer conception counseling, including PrEP. Participants completed interviewer-administered questionnaires detailing sociodemographics and sexual history. We integrated laboratory screening for chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and syphilis as a substudy to assess STI prevalence. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine correlates. Results Ninety-four women completed STI screening (72% of enrolled). Median age was 30 (interquartile range, 26-34) years, and 94% chose PrEP as part of safer conception care. Overall, 24% had STIs: 13% chlamydia, 2% gonorrhea, 6% trichomoniasis, 6% syphilis, and 3% ≥2 STI. Sexually transmitted infection prevalence was associated with younger age (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77-0.99), prior stillbirth (AOR, 5.04; 95% CI, 1.12-22.54), and not feeling vulnerable to HIV (AOR, 16.33; 95% CI, 1.12-237.94). Conclusions We describe a 24% curable STI prevalence among women at risk for HIV exposure who were planning for pregnancy. These data highlight the importance of integrating laboratory-based STI screening into safer conception programs to maximize the health of HIV-affected women, children, and families.
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Chitneni, Pooja MD∗,†; Bwana, Mwebesa Bosco MBChB, MPH‡,§; Owembabazi, Moran MPH§; O'Neil, Kasey MPH§; Kalyebara, Paul Kato MBChB, MMed‡; Muyindike, Winnie MBChB, MMed‡; Musinguzi, Nicholas MSc§; Bangsberg, David R. MD, MPH¶; Marrazzo, Jeanne M. MD, MPH∥; Haberer, Jessica E. MD, MPH§,∗∗; Kaida, Angela PhD††; Matthews, Lynn T. MD, MPH∗,∥ Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevalence Among Women at Risk for HIV Exposure Initiating Safer Conception Care in Rural, Southwestern Uganda, Sexually Transmitted Diseases: August 2020 - Volume 47 - Issue 8 - p e24-e28 doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001197