Occupational Health Science
Population -- Health aspects, Work environment
Paid leave confers health benefits to new parents and their children, but the absence of a national paid family leave policy in the United States has left workers to navigate a patchwork of paid and unpaid parental leave benefits accessed through their employers. As public and private paid leave policies expand across the US, it is imperative to determine how these benefits impact leave taking behaviors among new parents. We use sequence and cluster analyses of administrative time-keeping records to detail parental leave-taking during the first 180 days after adding a child among employees of a large public-sector organization with a new paid parental leave policy. Results show that the additional paid leave benefits replaced some of the unpaid leave women were taking and also lengthened their total leave duration. For men, who were only taking paid leave, the additional benefits allowed them to save their sick leave but left total leave duration unaffected. This study highlights the complex ways paid leave policies impact leave-taking among new parents. As more state and municipal governments consider paid family leave policies, understanding the interplay between these policies and existing organizational structures is critical to maximize the benefits across the workplace and limit unintended consequences.
© 2022 Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
Locate the Document
Goodman, Julia M.; Poma, Lisset Dumet; Hurtado, David; Steeves-Reece, Anna; and Richardson, Dawn M., "Gender Differences in Parental Leave Before and After the Introduction of a Paid Parental Leave Policy: A Sequence Analysis of Administrative Time-Keeping Records" (2022). OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations. 494.