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Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Semantic memory, Aphasia -- Case studies


The Pyramids and Palm Trees Test (PPT) is a nonverbal measure of semantic memory that has been frequently used in previous aphasia, agnosia, and dementia research. Very little psychometric information regarding the PPT is available. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the PPT in a population of healthy college students. Results indicated that the PPT achieved poor test–retest reliability, failed to obtain adequate internal consistency, and demonstrated poor convergent validity, but showed acceptable discriminant validity. The results of this study suggest that the PPT lacks acceptable reliability and validity for use with a college student population.


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*At the time publication, Gerasimos Fergadiotis was affiliated with Arizona State University



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