Presenter Information

Julie T. HaFollow

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Presentation Type

Oral Presentation

Subjects

Public health -- Social aspects, Social marginality -- Health aspects, Health services accessibility, Gentrification, Trust

Department

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health

Advisor

Yves Labissiere

Student Level

Undergraduate

Abstract

Social determinants have been recognized to be significant factors contributing to the overall health outcomes of individuals. However, there is limited research on how these factors have directly impacted the mental and physical wellness of people in neighborhoods that are experiencing rapid gentrification. The objective of this study was to determine whether the level of trust present in neighborhoods is associated with the mental and physical health outcomes among its residents. This quantitative study used the Albina-Rockwood Neighborhood Promise Survey, which involved families who reside on the north side of Portland. Responses to questions regarding trust were statistically compared to coping mechanisms and self-rated health questions. There is an anticipation that the evidence will provide a significantly strong relationship between community trust and better overall health results. Neighborhoods, where there was a higher degree of trust, will have greater physical and mental health outcomes. However, there the relationship between greater trust and better health outcomes will not be applicable to African-American and Hispanic-Latinx families. These findings suggest that future studies should examine how race and social class can affect the magnitude of trust in a neighborhood.

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Persistent Identifier

https://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/35437

Ha_transcript.pdf (80 kB)
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Exploring the Impact of Trust on Health Outcomes in Urban Neighborhood

Social determinants have been recognized to be significant factors contributing to the overall health outcomes of individuals. However, there is limited research on how these factors have directly impacted the mental and physical wellness of people in neighborhoods that are experiencing rapid gentrification. The objective of this study was to determine whether the level of trust present in neighborhoods is associated with the mental and physical health outcomes among its residents. This quantitative study used the Albina-Rockwood Neighborhood Promise Survey, which involved families who reside on the north side of Portland. Responses to questions regarding trust were statistically compared to coping mechanisms and self-rated health questions. There is an anticipation that the evidence will provide a significantly strong relationship between community trust and better overall health results. Neighborhoods, where there was a higher degree of trust, will have greater physical and mental health outcomes. However, there the relationship between greater trust and better health outcomes will not be applicable to African-American and Hispanic-Latinx families. These findings suggest that future studies should examine how race and social class can affect the magnitude of trust in a neighborhood.

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